There’s a segment in the Age of Ultron Avengers movie where our super heroes are all trying in vain to lift Thor’s hammer. Then Thor picks up the hammer like it was nothing and quips, “All of you are merely not worthy.” What do you think if Ka EVM were in Thor’s shoes, would he be able to lift that hammer? (Nakakatuwa lang isipin. Sana mayroon rin ganoon sa atin – yong mga “not worthy” hindi mabubuklat ang biblia. Malaking problema yan sa kanila!)
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Economist Ian Senior defines corruption as an action to (a) secretly provide (b) a good or a service to a third party (c) so that he or she can influence certain actions which (d) benefit the corrupt, a third party, or both (e) in which the corrupt agent has authority.
Embezzlement and theft involve someone with access to funds or assets illegally taking control of them. Fraud involves using deception to convince the owner of funds or assets to give them up to an unauthorized party. Examples include the misdirection of company funds into “shadow companies” (and then into the pockets of corrupt employees), the skimming of foreign aid money, scams and other corrupt activity. Abuse of discretion refers to the misuse of one’s powers and decision-making facilities.
Transparency International defines corruption as ‘the abuse of entrusted power for private gain.‘
Corruption on the Agenda (http://www.corruption-agenda.org)
Warning Signs: Typical Indicators of Corruption, Fraud and Abuse
Warning signs are signals, a feeling of suspicion or a combination of small signs telling you that something might be wrong – or at least not the way it should be. Typical Warning Signs:
- Rumours of abuse.
- Internal divisions within the organisation.
- Power and decision-making are concentrated on one or few individuals.
- People give different answers to the same question.
- Reporting is delayed.
- Financial reports are late.
- Financial reports contain errors or are unclear.
- Errors are explained as misunderstandings, and are corrected.
- Budgets are unclear and perhaps only one person has the full overview.
- Signatures are added to documents by photocopying.
- The organisation does not make annual reports.
- Anonymous tips about misuse of funds or abuse of power.
- It is difficult to get a clear picture of the organisational structure.
- Board meetings are often cancelled.
- There is insufficient sharing of roles in the handling of payments.
- Key individuals are working very long hours – first in the morning and last out in the evening.
- Key individuals never take holidays or days off, and thus never leave their responsibilities to others.
- Individuals’ private consumption seem to be above what their income would normally allow.
If your queries indicate that something probably is wrong you must take action.